What is Federal Poverty Level (FPL)?
A measure of income level issued annually by the Department of Health and Human Services. Federal poverty levels are used to determine your eligibility for certain programs and benefits. The 2017 Federal Poverty Level for an individual is $16,395 in yearly income and $33,535 for a family of four.
Every year, the perimeters of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) increase based on the cost of living. Families need to understand where they fall on the FPL so they know whether they are eligible for Medicaid in their state or whether they are eligible for a federal Subsidy because they earn between 100 and 400 percent of the FPL, or whether they are eligible for a tax credit because they purchased a Silver plan and earn less than 250 percent of the FPL.